[翻译]60-Second Cocktails #1 Key Cocktail Kit

文稿用于视频【[AI七海]海子姐讲解鸡尾酒调酒的必要工具】 https://www.bilibili.com/video/BV18e411k7Yp

Key Cocktail Kit

关键的鸡尾酒调酒工具

The tools you’ll need as well as items that can be improvised

Walk into any decent cocktail joint and you’ll see a huge array of gadgets behind the bar designed to help the staff mix up their drinks in the best possible way. It can be somewhat mind-boggling for the average drinker seeing all the different mixing jars, muddlers, measures, shakers and whatnot all neatly lined up, constantly being washed and replaced ready to use again. And watching the bartenders at work can seem as smooth-yet-complex an operation as a Formula One pit stop.

需要的工具以及可以凑合用的道具

走进任何一家像样的鸡尾酒吧,你都会看到吧台后方摆放着琳琅满目的小工具,旨在帮助店员以最佳方式调制酒水。对于普通酒客来说,看到各种不同的调酒壶、调酒器、量酒器、摇壶,等等工具整齐地排列在一起,经过不断清洗和更换来再次使用,可能会对此难以理解。观看调酒师的工作,就像观看F1赛车的维修站一样错综复杂。

There are some absolute essentials that you’ll need when it comes to mixing up great cocktails at home. But you don’t need the whole range of gear to get the ball rolling in making awesome mixed drinks, and there are plenty of shortcuts or alternative items you can use to achieve the same results.

在家里调制美味的鸡尾酒时,你绝对需要一些必要的工具。不过,你并不需要全套的设备来调制饮料,有很多替代品也可以达到同样的效果。

MEASURE

量器

This is the most vital piece of kit in your cocktail-making armoury, for measuring out each liquid that is going into the mix. Why? Because cocktails are all about balance, and it’s this balance that helps you walk the tightrope between a good drink and a great drink.

这是调制鸡尾酒时最重要的工具,能用于测量每种液体的用量。为什么这么说呢?因为鸡尾酒讲究的是平衡,而正是这种平衡帮助你在好酒与佳酿之间游刃有余。

Most bars use a jigger measure, which looks like a metal egg timer, normally with one larger end that holds 50ml of liquid and the other smaller end holding 25ml. Most cocktail books give measures in millilitres (ml) or fluid ounces (fl oz), or both, but since we are all about ease here, we use ‘parts’, where 1 part = 25ml (lfl oz). This means that you don’t need a professional measure at all, just a smallish receptacle that allows you to measure liquid out consistently. An egg cup is ideal, or a shot glass, both of which hold roughly 50ml (2fl oz). So if a recipe asks for, say, 2 parts vodka and 1 part espresso coffee, then use one full egg cup or shot glass of vodka and half an egg cup or shot glass of coffee. Simple, eh!

大多数酒吧都使用量酒杯(jigger),它看起来像一个金属煮蛋计时器,通常一端较大,可盛放 50 毫升的液体,另一端较小,可盛放 25 毫升的液体。大多数鸡尾酒书给出的量度单位是毫升(ml)或盎司(fl oz),或两者兼而有之,但由于我们在这里的目的是方便使用,所以我们使用 “份”,即 1 份 = 25 毫升(lfl oz)。这意味着你根本不需要专业的量具,只需要一个小巧的容器,就能让你始终如一地量出液体。最理想的是一个蛋杯,或者一个玻璃杯,这两种杯子都可以盛大约 50 毫升(2fl 盎司)的液体。因此,如果食谱上要求 2 份伏特加和 1 份特浓咖啡,那么就用一个蛋杯或玻璃杯装伏特加,再用半个蛋杯或玻璃杯装咖啡。很简单吧!

COCKTAIL SHAKER

摇壶

On the whole, a cocktail shaker is key to making a mixed drink – but not essential, as our first group of cocktail recipes shows. There are two main types of cocktail shaker:

总的来说,摇壶是调制混合饮料的关键,但并非必不可少,正如书本后面的第一个鸡尾酒配方所示。摇壶主要有两种:

Boston Shaker

波士顿壶(也叫美式摇酒壶)

This consists of two halves, one metal and one glass, one slightly bigger than the other so that they fit perfectly together. A separate strainer is required for this style of shaker (see below).

它由两部分组成,一边金属一边玻璃,其中金属杯比玻璃杯稍大些,这样它们就能完美地结合在一起。这种摇壶需要搭配滤冰器。

Cobbler Shaker

三段式摇酒壶

This looks a little like a New York fire hydrant and comes in three parts, often all metal: a large compartment for ingredients, a lid with a built-in strainer and a cap that frequently doubles as a 1-part measure (see page 6).

However, maybe you’re visiting a friend and want to mix up a cocktail but you’re stuck for a shaker, in which case you can use a number of alternatives. We have been known to shake up a mean Sour using a Kilner jar or even whip up an Espresso Martini in a sports water bottle! Whatever item you improvise with, it’s vital that it’s not too fragile and can be sealed closed so that it’s watertight.

它看起来有点像纽约的消防栓,由三部分组成,通常都是金属的:一个放材料的杯体;一个顶盖,内置滤冰网;还有一个小盖子,经常兼作量杯。

不过,也许你在拜访朋友时想调酒,却苦于没有调酒器,在这种情况下,你可以使用各种替代品。众所周知,我们曾用玻璃密封罐调制过酸鸡尾酒,甚至用运动水瓶调制过咖啡马丁尼!无论你使用哪种物品,最重要的是它不能太易碎,而且要能密封,做到滴酒不漏。

STRAINER

滤冰器

Nearly all drinks made in either a cocktail shaker or a mixing glass (see page 8) will need to be strained, holding back the ice and any other bits and pieces that were added to impart flavour from your serving glass. The advantage of using a Cobbler shaker is that your strainer will be built in, but if using a Boston shaker or when straining drinks from a mixing glass, you’ll need a cocktail strainer, sometimes called a Hawthorne, to cover one half of the shaker or the mixing glass top as you pour out the mixture.

‘Fine straining’ is a term reserved for drinks that are double strained – passed through the standard cocktail strainer and also a tea strainer or small fine sieve. Using something other than a cocktail shaker? Just strain through a regular kitchen sieve or large tea strainer into the glass.

几乎所有用调酒壶或调酒杯调制的饮品都需要过滤,将冰块和其他添加到调酒杯中的零碎调料过滤掉,以保持饮品的风味。使用三段式调酒壶的好处是有内置的滤网,但如果使用波士顿壶或从调酒杯中过滤酒水,则需要一个滤网(有时也称为霍桑滤网),以便在倒出混合物时盖住调酒壶口或杯口的一半。

精滤是指对饮品进行双重过滤,让酒通过标准滤网、茶滤网或小筛子。不想用专门的调酒壶而是用其他工具调酒吗?只要用常规的厨房滤网或茶叶滤网过滤后倒入杯中即可。

CITRUS SQUEEZER

榨汁器

You may well already own some sort of citrus squeezer or juicer, but if you don’t, we really recommend you opt for a handled citrus squeezer, where you place a citrus fruit half in the nook by the hinge (often called the ‘Elbow’), close it, squeeze hard and hey presto – juice! However, people commonly make the same mistake using this citrus squeezer as they do with a wetsuit: they use it backwards. As the zip on a wetsuit goes at the back, so the fruit half goes into the dimple of the citrus squeezer upside down, like a dome. As the other half of the squeezer presses down on the fruit, it pushes it inside out and releases all the goodness within.

An electric juicer, should you have one, comes in handy for pre-juicing a large batch of citrus fruit when required or if you’re making several of the same cocktail. No shame in using a little technology here!

你可能已经拥有了某种柑橘榨汁机或榨汁器,但如果还没有,建议你选择带握柄的柑橘榨汁机,将半个柑橘放在铰链(通常称为 “弯头”)旁的凹槽里,合上,用力挤压,嘿嘿,果汁就出来了!然而,人们在使用这种柑橘榨汁机时通常会犯和穿着潜水服一样的错误:弄反了。就像潜水服的拉链在后面一样,放入榨汁机的半边水果也得是倒着放进榨汁机的凹槽,就像拱起一个圆顶。当榨汁机的另一边压在水果上时,就会把水果从里向外推,释放出里面所有的滋味。

如果你有一台电动榨汁机,就能在需要时或制作多杯同款鸡尾酒时,方便地为一大批柑橘类水果预先榨汁。在我这使用一点科技并不丢人!

MIXING GLASS

搅拌杯

This allows you to stir a drink with ice, diluting it as you do so. But you don’t really need a special bit of kit here – in fact, two of the world’s best bars, Swift in London and Little Red Door in Paris, use small, flat-sided stainless-steel storage containers from a well-known Swedish store. If they can, so can you!

使用搅拌杯就可以用冰块搅拌饮料,边搅拌边稀释。其实,世界上最好的两家酒吧,伦敦的 Swift 和巴黎的 Little Red Door,使用的都是来自瑞典一家知名商店的小而扁的不锈钢容器。他们能做到,你也能做到!

MUDDLER

捣棒

A large wooden stick, reminiscent of a miniature Victorian rolling pin, the muddler’s job is to crush down ingredients such as fresh herbs and citrus fruit to release their flavours before mixing and/or shaking. You can use the end of a small rolling pin that fits inside your cocktail shaker or glass instead.

捣棒是一根大木棍,让人联想到维多利亚时代的小型擀面杖,它的作用是在搅拌和/或摇酒之前,将新鲜香草和柑橘类水果等配料捣碎,以释放它们的味道。你也可以用一根搭配你摇酒壶或酒杯的小圆棍,用它的尖头代劳。

BAR SPOON

调酒匙

Pretty much what it says on the tin, this is a small spoon with a long shaft to allow you to stir your cocktails and reach all the way to the bottom of the glass, to where a lot of the heavier ingredients sink. This will help to give your drink a much better consistency. The spoon itself contains about 5ml (1 teaspoon), so is ideal for adding precise amounts of a flavoursome ingredient for perfect balance. Many bar spoons have a twisted shaft, around which you can curl a narrow ribbon of citrus peel for a more flamboyant garnish (see page 22).

调酒匙(直译叫长勺)顾名思义,是一把带有长柄的小勺子,可以拿来搅拌鸡尾酒,而且能伸到杯底,因为很多较重的配料都容易沉底。调酒匙有助于使饮料更加均匀。勺子本身的容量约为 5 毫升(1 茶匙),因此非常适合精确添加强力调味料,以达到完美的平衡。许多调酒匙都有一个扭曲的勺轴,你可以在勺轴上卷绕一条窄窄的柑橘皮,以做更华丽的装饰。

VEGETABLE PEELER

削皮器

Many of our cocktails call for a thin piece of citrus peel as a garnish, for which you need a vegetable peeler to cut the outer peel of the fruit (see page 22).

许多鸡尾酒都需要薄薄的柑橘皮作为点缀,为此你需要用削皮器削点水果的外皮。

KNIFE & CHOPPING BOARD

刀具和砧板

The thing about citrus fruit is that they come whole, so you’ll need a good-quality, sharp knife (careful, now!) along with a sturdy, non-slip chopping board to halve them for squeezing and to cut them up for garnishes (see page 22).

柑橘到手都是一整个的,所以你需要一把优质的锋利的刀和一块结实的防滑的砧板,将柑橘切成两半用于榨汁,或者切成小块用于装饰。

… AND FRIENDS

朋友吧大概

Finally, the best drinking accessory is your friends. Okay, not a cabinet essential (occasionally a bit of solace and a Whisky Sour is what we need in life), but drinking together is nearly always better than drinking alone.

说到最后,最好的饮酒伴侣就是你的朋友。嗯,这不是酒柜里的必需品(生活中偶尔需要一点慰藉和一杯威士忌酸酒),但一起喝酒基本上总比一个人喝要好。